The project is being introduced six months after its initial version, which was unanimously approved by the US House of Representatives in September 2016, but didn’t become law because it wasn’t taken up by the Senate. The new “Nica Act” demands that the United States take a “firm” stand so that an electoral observation mission is sent through the OAS to oversee municipal elections next November.
However, it doesn’t mention anything about the “discussion rounds” and the subsequent agreement which was pushed by Ortega’s government and the OAS Secretary General Luis Almagro earlier this year, with the commitment to “strengthen” democratic institutions in the country.
It didn’t take long for Almagro’s office to discredit the usefulness of this initiative, which Ortega’s government – almost immediately responding too – called it “a new threat” and has labeled it “meddling”.
The new legislation widely quotes the US State Department’s last report about human rights violations in Nicaragua, and refers to the last general elections held on November 6, 2016, which were held without transparency and political competition, after which Ortega was declared President for a third consecutive term, now in the company of his wife, Rosario Murillo, as Vice-President.
The new bill’s omission of the agreement between Ortega’s government and the OAS doesn’t surprise representatives from Nicaragua’s opposition, who question its “lack of seriousness” to deal with real problems in the country’s political and electoral systems.
Conditions on IDB, World Bank and IMF loans
Just like its first version, the new “Nica Act” proposes that the United States vote against Nicaragua when it comes to loans from multilateral organizations where Washington has a decisive vote, including the Inter-American Development Bank and World Bank.
In September last year, when the first version of this initiative was being drawn up, former ambassador Francisco Aguirre Sacasa calculated that multilateral organizations were loaning around 250 million USD per year, on favorable terms. Plus, the sums of these loans have been kept intact even after oil cooperation dropped with the crisis of Ortega’s ally, the Maduro government, in Venezuela.
Under the legislation, exceptions to the US’ veto on Nicaraguan credits would include loans for “humanitarian efforts, or to promote democracy in Nicaragua”, or when they provide aid to NGOs and democracy, governability and human rights programs.
That year, the OAS recommended updating the voter registration rolls, guaranteeing the credentials of poll watchers for every political party, pluralism and independence at every level of the electoral system and ensuring citizen registration and participation. Nevertheless, the current agreement between the OAS and Ortega leaves out the majority of these recommendations and doesn’t even mention its own report, while also keeping secret the report the OAS prepared in 2016, prior to the November elections.
OAS concerned; Nicaraguan government rejects
The OAS secretary general was quick to speak out with “concern” about the reactivation of the proposed US legislation, as he believes the project “isn’t a constructive contribution to the work that the Nicaraguan Government and his office have been carrying out in the field of cooperation so as to strengthen democracy, elections and institutions within the country.”
Almagro requested the legislators that put forth the bill reconsider the necessary aspects which would allow the Nicaraguan Government and the Secretary General’s office to have the time and space needed to carry out the work agreed upon by both parties.”
“The 2017 Nica Act is just another threat, another out of the many that it has held over Nicaragua throughout history, in the imperialist mentality’s eagerness to take over our country. It’s a new attempt to grant itself the right to destructively intervene in our national affairs,” the press release stated, which was read out by Murillo at a press conference for government media.
“By presenting the 2017 Nica Act, this group of congress people is trying to infringe upon Nicaragua’s right, our people and government, to continue developing our Christian, socialist and solidarity system, where democracy, dialogue, alliances and the search for consensus, ensure peace, social harmony and hope,” Murillo claimed.
The new Nica Act has been signed by fifteen Republican and 10 Democrat representatives, led by Republican Ileana Ros-Lehtinen and Democrat Albio Sires.
By Arlen Cerda (Confidencial) Taget fra Havana Times. 08.04. 2017